Ovral L composition and package
This tablet is most often called as active pill, which is containing synthetic 0.030mg of Ethinyl Estradiol (oestrogen) and a synthetic 0.150mg of Levonorgestrel (progestin). It is a blister pack containing 21 pills. This medication is also available in blister packages containing 28 pills. In the 28 pills package, the 21 pills remain as active hormones, remaining 7 acts as placebo or dummy pills. The placebo pills are made of ingredients which are non-medicinal. The active tablets are designed in white color while the placebo pills are of pink colored.
Ovral L action mechanism
In most of the women we can find hormones feedback loop showing its actions at different levels in women body. The 2 hormones which are originated in brain, which act on the womb (uterus) and ovary are FSH and LH. The hormone named FSH continuously increases the thickness and makes the womb lining for the reception of zygote or an egg while the other hormone LH starts its activity by promoting the burst of the ovary in the mid cycle for the eggs release for the process of fertilization. When you administer the synthetic progestin and oestrogen exogenously as by Ovral L tablet, these hormones starts flooding blood stream and stops the release of LH and FSH (gonadotrophic hormones) by blocking. This process stops the ovulation phase. Later the soggy and unnaturally ripe womb lining is formed which fails to allow the implantation of the egg. This is all done by the Ovral L pill for preventing the pregnancy. In normal condition during the mid cycle, generally the cervix stays thin. When this medication is administered then the cervix will be thickened, which in turn reduces the movement of sperms towards the cervix causing decreased counts of the sperm which aren’t healthy enough for the normal pregnancy.
This kind of hormones composition is consumed for duration of 3 weeks. Then if abruptly stopped then there exist the actions such as endometrium will be artificially ripened in hormones presence. In case hormones are absent then shedding of endometrium takes place. This leads to bleeding which happened unnaturally called as the withdrawal bleed which usually happens at the end of the tablet course.This medication shows the high efficacy in avoiding the unwanted pregnancy in most of the scenarios. This medication shows the low failure rates will be like one or two unsuccessful cases out of 100 women per year.
How to use the Ovral L?
If you are using this for the first time then you need to start on the very first day of the periods. In case if you’re already used this medicine then you can consume it seven days after the previous active pill was consumed or else directly after the consumption of the placebo tablet, and need not worry about the withdrawal bleed. First, one must always consume the active pill only. On the same time of the day everyday you must take one active pill. Advised time to consume active pill is bed time. Once the active pills are over then only you should go for placebo pills which are in pink color. This package of medicines can be started at any point of time after the initial trimester abortion or miscarriage, in cases of second trimester miscarriage or termination of pregnancy then you must consume after 3 to 4 weeks.
In case you’ve missed one pill then take it as soon as you remember, if it is more than 12 hours and you’re close to the next pill intake then also you’re advised to take the pill immediately. It doesn’t matter if the intake count is 2 in case of missed dose of Ovral L. If 2 or more pills missed then the protection towards preventing pregnancy will be reduced. In this scenario one must take two tablets for continuous 2 days. Later the remaining package can be consumed normally. But it is advised to go for another barrier like condom for another week. In case of missing 2 pills happened in the third week then it is not applicable. Then one should get started with the fresh package and discard the old medicine. In case of unseen withdrawal bleed medical attention is mandatory to confirm the pregnancy status is positive or negative.
Some of the general symptoms observed during the intake of Ovral L are nausea, changes in the body weight, diarrhea, vomiting, rashes, headaches, bloating, allergies, mood swings, congestion in breast, changes in the libido, infection in vagina, vision imbalance. These symptoms will not last longer. In case of heavy bleeding one must need medical assistance.
In very rare cases it might cause severe effects like clotting of blood in the veins, arteries, strokes, cardiac arrest, jaundice, gall stones in gall bladder, benign liver tumor.