Terminating pregnancy voluntarily is known as abortion. And in India, abortion is legal under certain circumstances until 20 weeks of pregnancy. After 20 weeks, in exceptional cases, the Indian court allows legal abortion. An MTP kit is generally used for abortion (termination of pregnancy). The major side effects of this kit are excessive vaginal bleeding and contractions. One can Buy MTP kit online or in any medical store with a doctor's prescription. This should be avoided in case of urinary tract infections, kidney diseases, and asthma. Indian law has a specific act for abortion, known as the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (MTP Act). Any medical provider offering the abortion pill must follow the rules and regulations of the MTP Act 2003.
How to use MTP Kit: Usage Guidelines
As part of an advisory measure, it is recommended that before using the MTP kit, consult with gynaecologists. MTP kit is a non-surgical and medically induced abortion method for less than 9 weeks of pregnancy. The MTP kit comprises of Mifepristone and Misoprostol as the active ingredients with 1 tablet of Mifepristone, 200mg to be taken orally and 4 tablets of Misoprostol, 200mcg for vaginal use. Mifepristone should be taken post eating meal. After 24-48 hours, the 4 Misoprostol tablets should be inserted in the vagina. The dosage of the medicines should be followed as advised by the doctor.
How does the MTP Kit work?
When a woman conceives, progesterone keeps the womb lining intact throughout the pregnancy and prevents contractions. When the patient takes Mifepristone, it blocks the progesterone effects. Thus, stops the pregnancy from growing. Once the patient takes the 200 mg Mifepristone, the patient may start feeling nausea. The second medicine - Misoprostol, leads to the rupture of womb lining and also adds to uterine contractions. Together, Mifepristone and Misoprostol cause cramping and vaginal bleeding to empty the uterus.
For the successful termination of pregnancy, the patient must take both medicines Mifepristone and Misoprostol as directed by the doctor. Most of the patients start cramping and bleeding within 2-5 hours after taking the second medicine - Misoprostol. The patient would experience heavy bleeding with large blood clots, tissues, ten times heavier than their normal periods with cramping. The blood tissues and miscarriage would finish in the next 3-4 hours, with the bleeding extending to a few more hours. Cramps and body pain would continue for the next couple of days. Here are the common symptoms:
- Heavy bleeding.
- Cramps in legs and hips.
- Diarrhoea and dizziness.
- Tiredness and weakness.
- Appetite loss.
The pain, bleeding and cramps will be extensive. Hence, it is advisable to discuss in detail with the gynaecologist, before taking the MTP kit. Most doctors prescribe pain killer medicines like ibuprofen which needs to be taken 30 mins before taking Misoprostol.
When to visit a doctor?
Using the MTP kit for abortion is completely safe, however, in case the patient suffers from any of the below complications, it is important to call the doctor immediately.
- In this case, the patient would need pads every hour, but after 2 hours, the flow should decrease, if not, the patient must contact the doctor immediately.
- If the patient gets fever 100 degrees Fahrenheit or more, and the fever doesn't decrease within 24 hours after taking Misoprostol, the patient needs medical attention.
- If the cramps and pain don't decrease post taking Ibuprofen.
- Any kind of redness, itching, swollen face, neck, hands are symptoms of allergic reactions, which requires immediate medical attention.
Unwanted and unwished pregnancy can be worrying. MTP kit offers a 100% safe and secure method for termination of pregnancy. MTP kit is an FDA approved drug, offering the abortion process safe and confidential. Abortion pills like the MTP kit are very powerful, and it is always recommended to consume the medicines after consultation with a gynaecologist. To buy an MTP kit, one would need a doctor's prescription. Prevention is better than cure, it is better to take precautions than to terminate an unwanted pregnancy.